The increasing rate of tooth loss among Americans in the United States prompt the dental industry to come up with techniques that will solve this problem. By the age of 74, 25% of the adult population will permanently lose their teeth. And in the US alone, at least 35 million are now missing their teeth in a single jaw.
One of the ways that can prevent permanent loss of teeth is through dental implants, which lasts for up to 20 years if properly installed. These metal implants serve as a foundation for permanent teeth replacement.
The procedural designs in installing them can be categorized into four types, the most popular of which are endosseous and subperiosteal. Both require standards for a more optimized procedure.
Primary Requirements for Dental Implants
While the usual success rate of this procedure is 95-98%, there are still factors that affect its overall outcome.
Tissue and Material Compatibility
The material should have functional mechanical, physical, and chemical biocompatibility with your bone tissues. The application of these components should perform specific functions that will improve osseointegration.
The materials are usually made up of metals such as gold, titanium, or alloys. These elements serve as the core that integrates with hard tissues. Other ingredients that include carbon and ceramics are used as plasma coatings.
Individual Health Status
The medical history of a patient determines his readiness for the process. Specifically, the client should have excellent bone quality to endure the surgery and to sustain the stability of dental implants.
A patient should also stop smoking and treat endocrine conditions before the treatment process. This is to ensure positive stimulation that can produce an equal volume of bone density.
The length, shape, and width of the implants should fit well with the space of the site interface. X-rays and CT scans of the bone matrix will determine exact measurements that can affect stress distribution, prognosis, and stable simulations.
The jaw size should correspond well with the diameter of the implant for a more optimal bone interaction. Further, the shape of the implant also accentuates mechanical continuity.
Foreign elements that penetrate the body induce biological responses such as gene activation, cell activation, and protein absorption. These activities determine the success of the mechanical functions of the implant and the sustainability of bone tissues surrounding the implant.
Surgeons conduct chemical alterations such as the addition of organic and inorganic phases, both of which contribute to a faster and stronger bone formation.
Design Trends in the Dental Implant Industry
These are the current trends that various institutions utilize in dental surgeries.
- The Finite element analysis (FEA) constitutes a three-dimensional electronic framework, which projects stress distribution qualities and biomechanical interactions.
- Some computer-aided design (CAD) methods predict metamorphosis and abutment
- The micro-casting technique on metal provides geometrical information on a micrometer scale.
- Transmission microscopy provides an electron analysis of nanoscale qualities and the composition of geometric implants.
- Nanotechnology application develops protein absorption and cell lineage, which accelerates the healing process.
- Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) provides porosity on dense structures, which, in turn, creates a mechanical pattern that results in an interconnected adaptation.
Technological advancements paved the way for more techniques that provide a more optimized installation process. The designs and trends aim to provide useful and stronger teeth placement. A successful procedure guarantees enhanced appearance, convenience, and better oral health.